General Battery Technology

A very nice summary of battery history and technology
click here) is provided by Dr. Dietrich Berndt of VARTA
AG, a European battery manufacturer.  

This summary (
click here) of US government-supported
battery work is from 1996, and, on page 44, lists some of
the many organizations involved in the US Advanced
Battery Consortium (USABC) including nine national
energy laboratories, several universities, and several
battery companies.  Can
Electrochimica develop the
much sought-after superbattery when these large
organizations have not?   
Electrochimica loves a
Electrochimica Power Storage Systems
178 Vista Circle Drive
Sierra Madre, CA  91024-1439
San Gabriel Mission
Copyright 2009 Electrochimica Laboratories LLC
Some References to Battery Technology
San Gabriel Mission
The ZEBRA battery, which uses the sodium-nickel chloride couple, (click here) is an
interesting advanced technology developed by a small organization.  While we do not
believe this technology can meet cost targets, we are impressed with their concepts and
implementation.  Nickel-metal hydride batteries were advanced in the U.S by another
small organization, ECD Ovonics
(click here), recently visited by the U.S. President.  We
are impressed with their multicomponent metal hydride technology, which we consider a
major advance.  

Lithium ion battery technology is in the news, and we also praise this technology and its
recent advances.   We believe cost targets cannot be achieved for traction batteries and
bulk energy storage
(click here), but that other applications for Li-ion are vast.  SAFT
(click here) has space-qualified lithium ion batteries, which indicates  high quality,
robustness, cell-level control and long life.

Performance Targets for Battery Technology

The 1996 Report to Congress mentioned above (click here) lists targets that include
energy, cost, cycle life and power.  
Electrochimica's ZEN-B battery will meet or exceed
long-term cost, energy and life targets, some substantially.  How the ZEN-B cell will
meet power targets and self-discharge goals will be determined by test.  

Performance targets for stationary electrical energy storage (
click here) include
application-specific parameters for energy, cost and power.  Market projections on the
order of $15 billion per year, we believe, underestimate this market when a truly
high-performance and low-cost battery is available.